AI for Science and Engineering

Summary

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning in science and engineering has the potential to radically transform the nature of scientific inquiry and discovery and produce a wide range of social and economic benefits for Canadians. However, the adoption of these technologies also presents a number of potential challenges and risks.

The National Research Council of Canada (NRC) has launched a new Challenge program that aims to develop AI algorithms and methods that can accelerate and advance scientific research and engineering in Canada’s innovation ecosystem. A better understanding of the implications of the use of AI in scientific research will enhance the NRC’s ability to anticipate potential challenges and successfully facilitate the development, regulation, and adoption of these technologies.

This assessment will examine a broad range of factors related to the use of these technologies in scientific research and discovery.

The Sponsor:

National Research Council Canada

Co-sponsors:

CIFAR, CIHR, NSERC, and SSHRC

The Question

What are the legal/regulatory, ethical, policy and social (LESP) challenges associated with deploying AI technologies to enable scientific/engineering research design and discovery in Canada?

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Expert Panel