Water and Agriculture in Canada: Towards Sustainable Management of Water Resources
The Expert Panel on Sustainable Management of Water in the Agricultural Landscapes of Canada
The agricultural sector is an important contributor to Canada’s prosperity and well-being and there are substantial opportunities for the sector in the coming decades. However, Canadian agriculture is also challenged by water-related risks and uncertainties. Growing competition for water, land, and other resources, in addition to the uncertain impact of climate change and variability, will place increased stress on agricultural production in Canada and throughout the world. To better understand this complex issue, the Council of Canadian Academies (CCA) was asked by Agriculture and Agri-Food to conduct an evidence-based assessment to identify what additional science is needed to better guide sustainable management of water to meet the needs of agriculture.
What additional science is needed to better guide sustainable management of water to meet the needs of agriculture?
The Panel gathered and analyzed evidence on Canada’s water resources, water futures for agriculture and other industries, agriculture and the environment, beneficial management practices from Canada and around the world, trends in technology and innovation, public policy frameworks and economic instruments, and knowledge transfer strategies for land and water management. The Panel then drew on the combined expertise and experience of its members to conduct a comprehensive assessment in response to the charge.
The Panel identified five key areas in which additional science and action could contribute to sustainable management of water in agriculture.